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Eco-tourism Adventure


  As the most proficient means of transport in a land of water, the native dugout canoe or “baoto” became synonymous to Agusan for the last 1,000 years. Today, canoeing has grown into an adventure and competition sport.


Lake Mainit:Situated 80 ft. above sea level with a mean depth of 128 meter, the lake is a confluence of 28 rivers. Its area of 17,430 hectares with a total shoreline of 50 kilometers covers part of Agusan del Norte (Jabonga, Kitcharao, Santiago) and Surigao del Norte (Mainit,Alegria and Sison). It is known for its pidjanga, gabot, banak, haw-an, gi-ngaw,igi and kasili and is natural habitat to some endangered Philippine flora and fauna. Migratory birds from Russia and Japan and native flowers –pagosi and tabukali are its unique attractions.



Kalinawan River :Declared as Caraga’s cleanest inland body of water, this 29.1 kilometer of pristine and picturesque river  is Lake Mainit’s only outlet. It passes through the municipalities of Jabonga, Santiago, Tubay before it finally empties into Butuan bay. By history, it is one of the oldest trading and missionary routes in the Philippines. Its historical past (part of the Old Kingdom of Butuan even predates Philippine history. The river is fishing ground to the mamanwas since immemorial. The mamanwa tribe who inhabits around the lake and  this river is the oldest indigenous tribe of the Philippines.



Mountain Climbing

Aside from club and mountaineering federation climbs, the province also offers climbing tours for 6-10 people to any of these destinations:


Mt. Hilong-hilong, 2,012 meter above sea level:

Straddling over the eastern portion of Cabadbaran and RTR is Agusan del Norte and 

Caraga’s highest peak. Seven major waterfalls, an ancient rock art, a carpet of giant white anthuriums, still undetermined number of virgin caves, nesting site of the critically endangered Philippine Eagle,  habitat of the Philippine wildcat, flying squirrel, tarsier , and microscopic flower not found anywhere else in the Philippines (German botanist circa 1920) are just some of its main features. By degree of difficulty, it is recommended to climbers with intermediate  and expert skills only. A climb to the peak via Malvar Trail takes 4 ½ to 5 days. This mystical mountain was venue to the 17th national MFPI mid-year climb in 2002.

Mt.  Mabaho,1,823 meters above sea level

Besides being Caraga’s second highest peak, it is also the K2 of Mindanao. Its massive peak of wet solid rock rising acutely to 80-90 degree angle makes it almost impossible to climb without gears. Except for a native “gamhanan” of old, according to legend no one has yet conquered its peak to this day. Known to natives as “Panlabaw” it is an intriguing destination for experienced mountaineers, technical climbers and extreme adventurers. Location : Santiago


Mt. Mas-ai, 1,680 meter above sea level

Located at Brgy. Del Pilar, Cabadbaran is another high peak. Among its features is Lake Balwang.  It is negotiable in 3 days. It was venue to MFPI’s Mindanao in 1997.


Mt. Mayapay, 675 meters above sea level

Occupying part of Butuan and Buenavista, this mountain is closely associated with the Higa-onon tribe. It is the most

 accessible climbing destination from Butuan City. It is negotiable in a day and is a perfect fun climb destination.





Mt. Mina-asug, 534 meters above  sea level

Located in Brgy. La Fraternidad, Tubay, it is negotiable less than a day. It is an ideal practice climb desitnation for beginners.


Scuba Diving

The province’s 102 kilometers of marine coastline offers a menu of 22 dive sites. Diving in Carmen is an excellent 80 ft. of visibility. Reef life rich with soft and hard corals plus abundant reef and pelagic fishes. Profile ranges from sloping walls to cliffs with depths from 40 ft. to over a hundred, with generally sandy floors.


Jabonga and Tubay sites, on the other hand, are generally rock formations: crevices, caves, alleys, overhangs and walls with depths from 45 ft. to over 200. Pelagics abound together with snappers sweetlips and trevallies. Fish life is bountiful






Snorkling-Skin Diving